Effects of Bangladesh Flooding
Effects of the Netherlands Flooding
Impacts of the 1953 North Sea Flood affecting Netherlands
From the flooding in Netherlands(North Sea Flood) in 1953, many polders were also flooded and 1836 people were killed(Leadbetter, S., 2013). 9% of the Dutch farms were flooded causing damage to vegetations and crop failures (Leadbetter, S., 2013). 47,000 buildings were damaged and 30,000 animals drowned (Leadbetter, S., 2013). The communications were cut off such as telephone lines due to the flood (FLOODsite, n.d.). Due to the flood, there were food delays causing people in Netherlands to starve(Holland At Home, 2012). Over 3000 homes and farms had disappeared due to the flood and also over 200,000 livestock being lost (Holland At Home, 2012). 43,000 properties were uninhabitable and displaced 72,000 people (Holland At Home, 2012). The farmlands in Netherlands were contaminated by salt water which causes the rendering the once fertile soil become useless (Holland At Home, 2012).The financial cost due to the flood was estimated over 1 billion Netherlands Guilders, which was really expensive and costly to the Dutch government and had slowed down the economy of the Netherlands (Holland At Home, 2012).
Impacts of the 1995 Netherlands flooding
From the flooding in Netherlands in 1995, many polders were flooded, 4 people got killed from drowning(New Introduction to Geography, n.d.). It also caused inconvenience to people around as transportation was unable to pass through the roads such as cars(New Introduction to Geography, n.d.). Vegetations and foods were destroyed from the flood (New Introduction to Geography, n.d.). People in Netherlands find it hard to move around as the flood is slow them down causing inconvenience to people (New Introduction to Geography, n.d.). Around 250,000 people evacuated and also evacuation of livestock (New Introduction to Geography, n.d.). The flood also damaged the economy as the flood had cost millions of pounds to be lost (New Introduction to Geography, n.d.). Homes were destroyed or damaged and there were lots of crop failures in the farms (New Introduction to Geography, n.d.). The dykes built were damaged and also became saturated as it is made of clay and sand causing the dykes to become likely to collapse (New Introduction to Geography, n.d.). The waterways were closed for two weeks for the ships due to the flooding (New Introduction to Geography, n.d.). A million cattle also evacuated due to the flood and got infected by foot rot causing them to become unable to produce milk (New Introduction to Geography, n.d.)
The Size and Scale of the Floods
The fact that the Netherlands consists of mostly flat land and 25% of that land is at or below sea level increases the sizes of the floods because
Impacts of Country Development on the effect of flooding
For Netherlands being a MEDC, it has the power and money to construct high quality dykes between the sea and the deltas in the coastal cities to prevent the North Sea's water from entering the cities as it is likely to flood since the coastal cities are at or below the sea level. These dykes built can prevent less chance of floods happeneing from the North Sea if there are heavy precipitation that causes the sea level to rise or even other countries having heavy storms and precipitation increasing the water level in the river and then passed on to the Netherlands' river and deltas and to the North Sea. Even if a flood does occur, the dykes could protect the people in Netherlands from letting lots of water in at once which prevents people from drowning and homes and farmlands being destroyed. This also leads to less cost for damage repairs if a flood occurs in Netherlands because the great protection from the high quality dykes and the water system built in the coastal cities will reduce the seriousness of the impact of the flooding.